The Progression of Lupus and Its Manifestation in Women Throughout Age

Main Article Content

Sharlie Portales
Hermelindo Rios
Casandra Gomez
Mia Garcia
Saanvi Gottimukkala
Destiny Gonzalez
Etziel Gonzalez
Matthew Vela
Ryan Hernandez


Female, Age, Progression, Treatments



Abstract 232 | PDF Downloads 77


1. Alharbi S. Gastrointestinal Manifestations in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Open Access Rheumatol. 2022;14:243-253. Published 2022 Oct 17. doi:10.2147/OARRR.S384256
2. Weckerle CE, Niewold TB. The unexplained female predominance of systemic lupus erythematosus: clues from genetic and cytokine studies. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2011;40(1):42-49. doi:10.1007/s12016-009-8192-4
3. Angley M, Spencer JB, Lim SS, Howards PP. Anti-Müllerian hormone in African-American women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus Sci Med. 2020;7(1):e000439. doi:10.1136/lupus-2020-000439
4. Clowse ME, Grotegut C. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Pregnancies of Women With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2016;68(10):1567-1572. doi:10.1002/acr.22847
5. Lazaro D. Elderly-onset systemic lupus erythematosus: prevalence, clinical course and treatment. Drugs Aging. 2007;24(9):701-715. doi:10.2165/00002512-200724090-00001
6. Leung, Alexander KC. Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus - Autoimmune Diseases. Hindawi, 2 September 2012, Accessed 9 June 2023.
7. Diaz-Frias J, Badri T. Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; June 27, 2022.Diaz-Frias, Josue. Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus Article. StatPearls, 27 June 2022,
8. Lupus in Women. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published June 28, 2022.
9. Bermas BL, Smith NA. UpToDate.
10. Services D of H & H. Lupus and pregnancy.
11. Mph, J. J. (2020). How Lupus Affects the Aging Process. Verywell Health.
12. Karvonen-Gutierrez CA, Leis A. Impact of menopause on women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Maturitas. 2021 Dec;154:25-30. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2021.09.004. Epub 2021 Sep 11. PMID: 34736577.
13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Lupus and kidney disease (lupus nephritis) - niddk. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.,transplant%20to%20maintain%20your%20health
14. How lupus affects the renal (kidney) system. Lupus Foundation of America. Published 2018.
15. Kone-Paut I, Piram M, Guillaume S, Tran TA. Review: Lupus in adolescence. Lupus. 2007;16(8):606-612. doi:10.1177/0961203307079562
16. Lockshin, M. D. (2019, June 14). How Does Lupus Affect People of Different Ages Over Time? HSS. Retrieved June 14, 2023, from
17. ni L, Wright RD, Marks S, Beresford MW, Tullus K. Kidney outcomes for children with lupus nephritis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2021 Jun;36(6):1377-1385. doi: 1007/s00467-020-04686-1. Epub 2020 Jul 28. PMID: 32725543; PMCID: PMC8084759.
18. M., Dr. Sruthi. What Is the Life Expectancy of a Child With Lupus? Survival Rate. MedicineNet, 1 June 2022, Accessed 15 June 2023.
19. Lupus and medication Better Health Channel, Accessed 15 June 2023.
20. Medications used to treat lupus. Lupus Foundation of America, 4 August 2021, Accessed 15 June 2023.
21. Lockshin, Michael D. How Does Lupus Affect People of Different Ages Over Time? HSS, 14 June 2019, Accessed 15 June 2023.
22. American Academy of Dermatology Association. Lupus and your skin: Self-care dermatologists recommend. American Academy of Dermatology, 23 September 2022, Accessed 14 June 2023.
23. Sayadi L, Faezi ST, Hasanpour M, Alahmadi SJ. The Relationship of Lifestyle with Disease Activity among Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Descriptive-Correlational Study. Mediterr J Rheumatol. 2021;32(2):124-133. Published 2021 Jun 30. doi:10.31138/mjr.32.2.124
24. Lupus News. ScienceDaily, Accessed 15 June 2023.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 11

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 > >>